slides WhatIsInAnError

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SRC: The reporter that attacked the senator admitted the error.
ORC: The reporter that the senator attacked admitted the error.
• Aufgabe: Vorhersagen des nächsten Wortes im Satz
• Training mit (künstlicher) Grammatik des Englischen:
– Viele einfache Sätze
– Wenige (10/5%) komplexe Sätze (Relativsätze ORC/SRC)
Die Grammatik
S  NP VP “.” (1.0)
•
NP  det N (.95) | det N rel (.05)
•
VP  V(i) (.5) | V(t) (.5)
Rel that VP (.5) | that NP V(t) (.5)
•
N  {lawyer, lawyers, senator, senators,
reporter, reporters, banker, bankers,
•
judge, judges}
• V(i)  {lies, lie, lied, hesitates, hesitate,
•
hesitated, phones, phone, phoned,
understands, understand, understood}
• V(t)  {praises, praise, praised, attacks,
attack, attacked, phones, phone, phoned, •
understands, understand, understood}
• Det  {the}
•
•
•
•
•
The lawyer lied.
The senator understands the
bankers.
The reporterspraise the judge
that attacked the senator.
The reporter that attacked the
senator praised the judge.
The reporter that the
senatorattackedpraised the
judge.
The banker that the lawyer that
the judge phoned understood
hesitated.
Lesezeiten
vs.
GPE
SRC (GPE)
SRC: The reporter that attacked the senator admitted the error.
ORC (GPE)
ORC: The reporter that the senator attacked admitted the error.
ORC (Activation main verb)
ORC: The reporter that the senator attacked admitted the error.
SRC (Activation main verb)
SRC: The reporter that attacked the senator admitted the error.
SRC (Activation embedded verb)
SRC: The reporter that attacked the senator admitted the error.
ORC (Activation embedded verb)
ORC: The reporter that the senator attacked admitted the error.
ORC (Activation EOS)
ORC (Activation main verb)
ORC: The reporter that the senator attacked admitted the error.
Das ganze auf Deutsch
• Unterschiede:
–
–
–
–
Komma
Nur transitive Verben
Kasusmarkierung
Topikalisierung („Den Jungen verspottet der Polizist.“)
SRC:
Der Polizist , der den Jungen verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
ORC:
Der Polizist , den der Junge verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
SRC
SRC: Der Polizist , der den Jungen verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
ORC
ORC: Der Polizist , den der Junge verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
SRC
SRC: Der Polizist , der den Jungen verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
ORC
ORC: Der Polizist , den der Junge verspottet , trifft den Passanten .
ORC: Vorhersage bei Komma 2
ORC: Der Polizist , den der Junge verspottet ,trifft den Passanten .
Der Junge verspottet den ...
SRC: Vorhersage bei Komma 2
SRC: Der Polizist , der den Jungen verspottet ,trifft den Passanten .
den Jungen verspottet der
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