D1A5 Starke Verben [Strong Verbs]

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D1A5
Starke Verben [Strong Verbs ]
In Aufgabe 2 we learned about regular verbs – the first major verb pattern - and how to
create verb forms using a stem and an ending. The second major verb pattern is the strong
verb pattern. We create strong verb forms again using a stem and the same endings we
used earlier. The stem for the strong verbs often exihibits more than one form. The verb
‘haben’ from Aufgabe 2 is an example of a strong verb and shows where the stem
changes occur. Below is the information from Aufgabe 2 concerning the endings that we
will use for the strong verbs.
The endings in red are the personal endings on the verb stem for the different
personal pronouns shown at the left side in blue and green. The verb stem for each of
the verb forms that has a green pronoun will be different for the strong verbs in this
section.
Personal pronoun (sing.)
Deutsch
English
ich
I
Associated article Ending
(‘der’,’die’,’das’)
Personal pronoun (plural)
Deutsch
du (fam.sing.) you
English
-e
wir
we
-en
-st
ihr (fam. pl.)
you
-t
they
-en
er
he/it
der (maskulin)
-t
sie
she/it
die (feminin)
-t
sie
es
it
das (neutral)
-t
(Plural article = die)
wer
who
-t
Sie (polite)
Sie
Note: “Sie” (polite) can be singular or plural, but the form is always capitalized and the
same spelling as the form for ‘they’
Look carefully at the forms of the verb ‘haben’ and note where the verb stem changes:
haben [to have ]
ich habe
du HAst
er HAt
sie HAt
Copyright © 2002 Robert A. Morrey
Ending
wir haben
ihr habt
sie haben
Sie haben
-en
In order to create all the forms for the verb ‘haben’, one needs to know that the verb
follows the strong verb pattern and one needs to know the infinitive form (‘haben’) of the
verb and the form for ‘er’ (‘er hat’). In Vocabulary Lessons 4, 7 and 9, you have learned
a number of strong verbs. These verbs are listed below with the form for ‘er’ which you
should learn well and then practice with the computer programs ‘Strong V form’ and
‘Strong Vb Sent’.
Infinitiv
Englisch
to speak
to see
to give
to take
to bake
Deutsch
sprechen
sehen
geben
nehmen
backen
‘er’ Form
er spricht
er sieht
er gibt
er nimmt
er bäckt
to read
to eat
to forget
lesen
essen
vergessen
er liest (du liest)*
er isst (du isst)*
er vergisst (du vergisst)*
Beispiel [example]
ich gebe
wir geben
du gibst
ihr gebt
er gibt
sie gibt
sie geben
es gibt
wer gibt?
* These three verbs have a pattern similar to the verb ‘heissen’ in Aufgabe 2. In this
pattern the verb ending used with the pronoun ‘du’ is not ‘-st’, but rather just ‘-t’ because
the verb stem ends in an /s/ sound. (See ‘Verb Stems Ending with an /s/ Sound’ sheet)
Beispiel:
ich lese
du liest
er liest
sie liest
es liest
wer liest?
Copyright © 2002 Robert A. Morrey
wir lesen
ihr lest
sie lesen
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