Deutsch I Kapitel 2 – Review

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Deutsch I
Kapitel 2 – Review
1. Regular Verbs [Seiten 56-57]
Verben (verbs)– die Infinitive (the Infinitives) – Erste Set Präsens (First Set of Present Tense)
Irregular verbs: sein and haben
Regular verbs:
antworten
to answer
hören
to hear, to listen to
sagen
to say
arbeiten
to work
kaufen
to buy
spielen
to play
bauen
to build
kommen
to come
studieren
to study, to major in
bedeuten
to mean
korrigieren
to correct
suchen
to look for
begrüβen
to greet
kosten
to cost
träumen
to dream
belegen
to take (a class)
lernen
to learn, to study
verstehen
to understand
brauchen
to need
lieben
to love
wander t
to hike
bringen
to bring
machen
to do, to make
warten
to wait
finden
to find
meinen
to mean, to think
wiederholen
to repeat
fragen
to ask
öffnen
to open
wohnen
to live (somewhere)
gehen
to go
regnen
to rain
heiβen
to be named
reisen
to travel
Conjugation Chart – to conjugate = to change the ending of the verb depending on the subject in the
sentence.
Subject
Pronouns
ich
du
er,sie,es
wir
ihr
Sie, sie




Regular
Present Tense
Verb Endings
-e
-st
-t
-en
-t
-en
Notes:
infinitive = stem + ending
d/t
-gn or –fn
“e”
β
conjugating for du
Example 1
studieren
Example 2
wandern
Example 3
arbeiten
Example 4
heiβen
studiere
studierst
studiert
studieren
studiert
studieren
wandere
wanderst
wandert
wandern*
wandert
wandern*
arbeite
arbeitest
arbeitet
arbeiten
arbeitet
arbeiten
heiβe
heiβt
heiβt
heiβen
heiβt
heiβen
stems are underlined
stems ending in d or t (italics and highlighted)must add an “e”
before adding a s or st when conjugating the verb
stems ending in –gn or fn (italics and highlighted) must add an
before adding a s or st when conjugating the verb
stems ending in an β do not need to add the s (just the t) when
2. Interrogative Words [Seite 60]
- Wann
When Wann haben wire in Test? When do we have a test?
- Warum
Why
Warum machst du das? Why are you doing that?
- Was
What
Was ist das? What is that?
- Welcher (m)
- Welches (n)
Which Welches Hemd willst du kaufen? Which shirt do you
want to buy?
- Welche (f or p)
- Wer
* form of welche depends on the gender of the noun
Who (person you are asking about is the subject)
Wer ist Frau Pilantz? Who is Mrs. Pilantz?
- Wen
Whom (person you are asking about is the direct object)
Für wen arbeitest du? For whom are you working for?
- Wie
How
Wie heißt do? How are you called?
Wie alt bist du? How old are you?
-Wie viel
How much
Wie viel Suppe möchtest du? How much soup
do you want?
-Wie viele
How many
Wie viele Sätze brauchen wir? How many
sentences do we need?
* form of viel/viele depends on the noun if it is singular or plural
- Wo
Where
Wo sind die Bücher? Where are the books?
- Woher
Where (from) Woher kommst du? Where are you from?
- Wohin
Where (to)
Wohin gehst du? Where are you going (to)?
3. Talking about Time and Dates[Seiten 62-63]












Wie spat ist es? = How late is it?
Wie viel Uhr ist es? = What time is it?
Es ist __(hour)__ Uhr ___(minute)__.
Viertel = quarter
halb = half * halb zehn = half to eleven, DO NOT USE AS IF half past ten like we’d do in English
vor = before
nach = after
um = at
um zehn Uhr = at ten o’clock
Um wie viel Uhr beginnt der Film? = (At) What time does the movie start?
Cardinalzahlen = cardinal numbers (one, two, three)
Ordinalzahlen = ordinal numbers, when you want to order (first, second, third)
add an -te (1st -19th) or –ste (19th +)
*careful for stem changes: erste, dritte, siebte, achte
Monaten
- Januar
- Februar
- März
- April
- Mai
- Juni
- Juli
- August
- September
- Oktober
- November
- Dezember
Wochenende



Der Wievielte ist heute? = What is the date today?
Heute ist der __(ordinal number)__. Today is the ___th.
am + a time expression = on ______
Wochentage
- Montag
- Dienstag
- Mittwoch
- Donnerstag
- Freitag
- Samstag
- Sonntag
4. Stem-changing Verbs [Seiten 76-77]
* you can use your pattern chart with examples on back during the test, but must start memorizing
during break. If you need a new copy print one off, or I will have extras.
5. Present Tense used as Future [Seite 80]
* use present tense verbs, but add a time expression
Time Expressions:
Jahrzeiten - Seasons
Herbst
Fall
Winter
Winter
Frühling
Spring
Sommer
Summer
Morgen
morning
Vormittag
midmorning (10-12)
Mittag
midday = noon
Nachmittag
afternoon
Abend
evening
Nacht
night
heute
heute
gestern
yesterday
vorgestern
the day before yesterday
vorvorgestern
the day before the day before yesterday
morgen
tomorrow
übremorgen
the day after tomorrow
überübermorgen
the day after the day after tomorrow
nächste (f or p)
nächsten (m)
nächstes (n)
(Day of week)(Time expression) example = Dienstagmorgen = Tuesday morning
am Samstag vs samstags = on Saturday vs on Saturdays
im
in
am
on
=
next
6. Negation [Seiten 82-83]
nicht
*place after subject and verb and direct object and time expression
keine (f or p)
keinen (m)
*depends on gender of noun
keines (n)
doch
no equivalent word, but kind of like “duh” “ya-huh” or “na-uh”
Use in a response after a negative statement.
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