Namen: Stunde: ______ Datum: Verben Verbs are the part of the

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Namen: ______________________________ Stunde: ____________ Datum: _______________
Verben
Verbs are the part of the sentences that shows the “doing.” A verb in English begins with to and
often times look like to hear, to do, to become. In German, the verbs end with –n or –en, for
example: sein, gehen, heiβen.
Conjugating a verb means to put the appropriate ending of the verb that corresponds to the
pronoun. In other words, the verb and the subject of the sentence need to agree with each other for
the sentence to make sense.
Subjects in German
ich: ______________________
wir: _____________________
du: ______________________
ihr: ______________________
er/sie/es: _________________
sie/Sie: ___________________
How to conjugate a verb:
First you need to find the verb you are going to use. For example, gehen (to go)
Second, find the stem of the verb. Take –en off the verb and use what is left: geh-.
Take the stem of the verb and plug it into the table.
Remember est-ten-ten when conjugating the verb you need.
ich
du
er/sie/es
gehe
gehst
geht
verb: gehen
wir
ihr
sie/Sie
gehen
geht
gehen
Some verbs are different, in that their conjugation rules do not follow the normal rules.
ich
du
er/sie/es
verb: haben
wir
ihr
sie/Sie
ich
du
er/sie/es
verb: sein
wir
ihr
sie/Sie
When using verbs in a sentence, always remember that the verb comes second.
Examples:
Ich kaufe ein Haus.
(I buy a house or I am buying a house)
Er geht nach Haus.
(He goes home or he is going home)
If you look at the above sentences, you will notice that the verb always comes second. It is
crucial to remember this because without the verb the sentence would not make sense. The
subject can go in the first place, but something can also get replaced with an adverb or something
else.
Examples:
Er ist heute in Berlin (He is in Berlin today)
Heute sind Sie in der Stadt. (Today you are in the city)
Practice:
1. Karl ________________ in der Stadt (sein)
2. Frau Brenner _______________ in Hambrug. (sein)
3. Ihr _______________ aus Berlin. (kommen)
4. Sie (pl.) _______________ mit dem Zug. (fahren)
5. Ich ______________ mit Hans. (gehen)
6. Du ________________ eine Schwester. (haben)
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