passive voice

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PASSIVE VOICE
AKTIV: Sir Christopher Wren built St. Paul’s Cathedral.
PASSIV: St. Paul’s Cathedral was built by Sir Christopher Wren.
Folgende 6 Schritte sind notwendig, um einen aktiven Satz zu einem passiven Satz
zu machen:
1. Satzglieder bestimmen
Sir Christopher Wren built St. Paul’s Cathedral.
S
P
O
2. Objekt wir zum Subjekt (Achtung: Pronomen ändern die Form!)
St. Paul’s Cathedral ........................
3. Zeit des aktiven Satzes bestimmen
built = Past Tense Simple Form
4. to be in diese Zeit setzen (und mit dem Subjekt übereinstimmen)
St. Paul’s Cathedral was ................
5. die 3. Verbform des im aktiven Satzes verwendeten Verbs anhängen
(build – built – built) St. Paul’s Cathedral was built ……………
6. by + Subjekt des aktiven Satzes als Objekt
St. Paul’s Cathedral was built by Sir Christopher Wren.
TENSE
Present Tense Simple
Past Tense Simple
Present Perfect Tense Simple
Past Perfect Tense Simple
Future Tense Simple
Future Perfect Tense Simple
Conditional I
Conditional II
The money
tense of to be
is
was
has been
had been
will be
will have been
would be
would have been
3rd form of verb
stolen
stolen
stolen
stolen
stolen
stolen
stolen
stolen
 Wenn ein aktiver Satz zwei Objekte hat, gibt es zwei verschiedene passive Sätze
z. B. She showed them the room. → They were shown the room.
The room was shown to them.
They offered me a new job. → I was offered a new job.
A new job was offered to me.
 Zeitwort und Vorwort nicht trennen
z. B. They looked at the stranger. → The stranger was looked at.
She takes care of the child. → The child is taken care of.
 Unser deutsches “man” wird im Englischen sehr oft durch das Passiv wiedergegeben.
z. B. The doctor was sent for. → Man sandte nach dem Arzt.
I was told a story. → Man erzählte mir eine Geschichte.
He is said to be a rich man. → Man sagt, dass er ein reicher Mann ist.
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